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The Spanish factories plug into the electric car

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Updated:10/10/2019 02:06h

The engine English begins to change the paradigm. In the next few months, nine of the twelve factories Spanish produce vehicles manufactured models plug-in hybrids (PHEVS) or one hundred percent electric. A transition in which the focus is this week, King Felipe VI, to visit two of the factories that will: that of PSA in Figueruelas (Zaragoza) and that of Renault in Valladolid.

In the plant aragonese monarch was able to test drive pre-production of the new Corsa electric, that will be, from January 2020, the first tourism electric mass-produced in Spain. In the same line will be mounted also versions diesel and petrol, the production of which began last Monday. An example of a coexistence technology that will be committed to the industry in the coming decades, pressed by the stringent emissions targets of the European Union, that force to sell cars, zero emissions to a few buyers who are still hesitant.

“Electric mobility is the same as the food bio. It is more expensive. And that’s not what they are saying to people,” protested the chairman and ceo of PSA, Carlos Tavares, during the same presentation of the model. Tavares, who is also the president of the patronal european Acea, reminded again that the position of the industry is that the transition will be “sustainable” and ordered” to not put in danger neither the employment nor the competitiveness of the sector, and asked that the various governments in support of it with plans of incentives and new charging infrastructures.

The manufacture of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids in Spain will exceed in 2025 500,000 units per year, over 17% of the total, according to an estimate by the consulting firm IHS Markit for Transport & Environment, with a total increase of vehicles produced by the 5%, which would result in about 23,000 new jobs. Our country will be the third country in Europe with the largest production of cars with battery, after Germany and France; while in the present is the second in the continent in total volume of manufacture. In six years, 10% of the cars will be one hundred percent electric, while nearly 7% will have engine plug-in. The rest, 83% are still burning.

Transition gradual

But the transition should be done with gloves of silk so as not to damage a sector that has disadvantage, since the centers of decision of the manufacturers are in other countries. In addition, the majority of models produced offer a reduced margin, which makes it difficult to absorb an increase in prices. To make matters worse, the models “zero” does not yet have much influence in Spain, with a market share of 0.8%, half that in Europe.

Therefore, both from the National Association of Automobile Manufacturers and Trucks (Anfac), as well as from the management of spare parts Sernauto has warned against a transition too quickly, motivated by a hypothetical veto of burning cars in 2040. This would cause, as stated last November, “an industrial reconversion full and expedited” and would endanger “thousands of jobs”. In this regard, the Executive of Pedro Sánchez has been moderating its position, from considering “with the days” to diesel up to bet on “by vehicles with emissions of 0gCO2/km by no later than the year 2040” in its draft Bill on Climate Change. A text, by the way, that should bring forward in parliament the Government that emerges from the polls in November.

In the investment chapter for such a transformation, the unborn Agreement Strategic Automotive raised in February by the ministry of Industry planned to allocate equipped with 2,686 photovoltaic billion euros until 2025, of which 1,000 would go to the factories. A shot that would be completed with another 3,000 or 4,000 million from the vehicle manufacturers.

Seat Martorell

The new generation of the Seat León, which will arrive next year, will feature a version plug-in, as well as the new Cupra Leon. A year later, in 2021, will begin production of the Cupra Formentor plug-in hybrid.

Ford Almussafes

The american multinational already manufactures at its plant in Valencia, the Ford Mondeo hybrid, on body sedan and family. In 2020 will the new Kuga, with versions PHEV (hybrid plug-in), mHEV (with hybridization lightweight) and hybrid conventional. Its director, Dionisio Campos, has confirmed that the batteries will be mounted in the factory.

Nissan Barcelona

The plant in the free Zone since 2014 the electric van e-NV200, whose manufacturing has increased this year, a 126 per cent, with 79 per day. In addition, it has its own installation mounting of batteries.

PSA group (Peugeot, Opel, Citroen, DS)

The manufacturer galo will produce electric models in its three factories in spain. In Figueruelas, the new Corsa and its variant electric will entail an investment of 250 million euros. Vigo, however, is their great strategic point: there are produced electric versions of the Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Partner, and will assemble batteries for the whole Peninsula. You will also start to make, from next year, the SUV e-2008, whose production version, manufactured from this October. In 2021, there will also come a new electric model to its plant in Madrid, known for now as “SmartMad2021”.

Mercedes-Benz Vitoria

Since September, the plant of Vitoria manufactures the electric van I avoid, although he had already been in evidence during the previous months. The coming year will begin in the factory, the production of the new mpv electric EQV, presented at the recent Hall of Frankfurt.

Renault

RENAULT. The multinational gala manufactured in Valladolid for the new generation of the SUV Capture, which has a hybrid version plug-in, whose batteries were assembled in the same ship on which until December was being built, the quadricycle, electric Twizy. At its plant in Palencia it will produce, also, a version PHEVS of the Megane, both from the middle of next year.

Translated from ABC News https://www.abc.es/motor/reportajes/abci-fabricas-espanolas-enchufan-automovil-electrico-201910100206_noticia.html

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